The land of opportunity
Kuwait is an oil-rich Arab country with an area of 17,818 sq km . located at the north-western tip of the Arabian Gulf. Its territorial waters include nine islands and a 290km long coastline. Kuwait is bordered on the north and west by Iraq, on the south by Saudi Arabia and on the east by the Arabian Gulf. The name Kuwait is derived from Kut, an Arabic word for fort. The capital city, Kuwait, is located on an inlet of the Arabian Gulf.
Kuwaiti society encompasses many levels from the ruling family, the old Kuwaiti merchant families, former Bedouins who settled in Kuwait, Arabs from other countries and foreigners. Arabic is the official language and approx. 90% of the population is Muslim. Per capita Kuwait has one of the highest incomes in the world.
Kuwait experiences an arid continental climate. Summer, from April to September, is very hot and dry with temperatures rising above 45 °C (113 °F) during the day. Winter is from November through February, and is cool with little rain and average temperatures around 13 °C (56 °F). Annual rainfall averages less than 127 mm and occurs mainly between October and April. The shamal is a north-westerly wind common in mid summer that causes massive sandstorms.